Sankar Arumugam

Professor and University Faculty Scholar

Dr. Sankar Arumugam is a  Professor in the Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering at NCSU. He is also a University Faculty Scholar (2013-2018). He is primarily associated with the Environmental, Water Resources, and Coastal Engineering and Computing and Systems groups within the department.

Dr. Arumugam currently teaches CE 383 – Hydrology and Urban Water Systems, CE 586 – Engineering Hydrology, CE 777 – Stochastic Methods in Water and Environmental Engineering and CE 786 – Hydroclimatology.

Dr. Arumugam currently serves as the associate editor for the Journal of Hydrology (Elsevier) and for the Journal of Hydrometeorology (AMS). He also served as the associate editor for  Water Resources Research (AGU), Journal of Hydrologic Engineering (ASCE) and as the editor of Journal of Water and Climate Change (IWA). Dr. Arumugam is also a member of American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society and Environmental Water Research Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers.


Ph.D. 2002

Water Resources Engineering

Tufts University

M.S. 1996

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology-Madras

B.S. 1991

Agricultural Engineering

Tamilnadu Agricultural University-Coimbatore

Research Description

Dr. Arumugam's primary research interest is at the interface of climate and water management focusing on large-scale hydroclimatology. His current research sponsors include National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and NC Water Resources Research Institute. Arumugam is interested in understanding, modeling and forecasting hydrological fluxes at large spatial scales based on land surface and climatic indices. Other topics of research include water resources planning and management and environmental assessment in developing countries.


Characterizing and predicting Yelp users' behavior
Jayaprakasan, P., Uma, R. N., & Sankarasubramanian, A. (2018). Characterizing and predicting Yelp users’ behavior. Studies in Big Data, 27, 17–35,
Conjunctive management of surface water and groundwater resources under drought conditions using a fully coupled hydrological model
Seo, S. B., Mahinthakumar, G., Sankarasubramanian, A., & Kumar, M. (2018), Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 144(9).
Monthly hydroclimatology of the continental United States
Petersen, T., Devineni, N., & Sankarasubramanian, A. (2018), Advances in Water Resources, 114, 180–195.
Patterns and drivers of fish extirpations in rivers of the American Southwest and Southeast
Kominoski, J. S., Ruhi, A., Hagler, M. M., Petersen, K., Sabo, J. L., Sinha, T., … Olden, J. D. (2018), Global Change Biology, 24(3), 1175–1185.
Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls
Sankarasubramanian, A., Sabo, J. L., Larson, K. L., Seo, S. B., Sinha, T., Bhowmik, R., … Kominoski, J. (2017), Earths Future, 5(7), 771–788.
Flood forecasting a global perspective foreword
Vogel, R. M., & Arumugam, S. (2016), Flood Forecasting: A Global Perspective, XVII–.
Identification of dominant source of errors in developing streamflow and groundwater projections under near-term climate change
Seo, S. B., Sinha, T., Mahinthakumar, G., Sankarasubramanian, A., & Kumar, M. (2016), Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 121(13), 7652–7672.
Role of multimodel combination and data assimilation in improving streamflow prediction over multiple time scales
Li, W. H., Sankarasubramanian, A., Ranjithan, R. S., & Sinha, T. (2016), Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 30(8), 2255–2269.
Decomposition of sources of errors in seasonal streamflow forecasting over the US Sunbelt
Mazrooei, A., Sinha, T., Sankarasubramanian, A., Kumar, S., & Peters-Lidard, C. D. (2015), Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 120(23).
Impacts of near-term climate change and population growth on within-year reservoir systems
Singh, H., Sinha, T., & Sankarasubramanian, A. (2015), Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 141(6).

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Collaborative Research:NSF-NSFC:Improving FEW system sustainability over the SEUS and NCP: A cross-regional synthesis considering uncertainties in climate and regional development
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/15/18 - 7/31/22)
A Global Synthesis of Land-Surface Fluxes Under Natural and Human-altered Watersheds using the Budyko Framework
US Geological Survey (USGS)(5/15/18 - 5/14/19)
Building Capacity for the DOI Southeast Climate Science Center to Co-Produce Actionable Science Focused on Global Change Impacts to Natural Resources (Recompetition)
US Dept. of Interior (DOI)(8/01/17 - 7/31/22)
A Research Network on Water Solutions (ReNeWS): the U.S. Southeast and Beyond
NCSU Research and Innovation Seed Funding Program(1/01/15 - 12/31/15)
Cybersees: Type II: Cyber-Enabled Water and Energy Systems Sustainability Utilizing Climate Information
National Science Foundation (NSF)(9/01/14 - 2/29/20)
Integrated Drought Management and Assessment Portal for the State of North Carolina
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(3/01/14 - 2/29/16)
AGU Chapman Conference on "Seasonal to Internannual Hydroclimate Forecasts and Water Management"
National Science Foundation (NSF)(7/01/13 - 6/30/14)
WSC - Category 3: Collaborative Research: Water Sustainability under Near-term Climate Change : A Cross-Regional Analysis Incorporating Socio-Ecological Feedbacks and Adaptations
National Science Foundation (NSF)(9/01/12 - 8/31/18)
An Integrated Framework for Assessing the Dynamics of Population Growth, Land Use and Climate Change for Urban Water Resources Management
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(3/01/12 - 2/28/14)
Experimental Reservoir Storage Forecasts Utilizing Climate-Information Based Streamflow Forecasts
NCSU Water Resources Research Institute(8/16/11 - 12/31/14)