Joseph DeCarolis


  • Fitts-Woolard Hall 3181

Note: Dr. DeCarolis is currently on leave from the University as he serves as the Administrator of the Energy Information Administration.

Dr. DeCarolis is a Professor in the Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering at North Carolina State University. His research program is focused on addressing energy and environmental challenges at the intersection of engineering, economics, and public policy. His primary focus is the development and application of energy system models to analyze how energy technology and public policy can shape a sustainable future. With regard to energy modeling, he is particularly interested in the development and utilization of open source software to maximize model transparency as well as the use of high performance computing to conduct rigorous uncertainty analysis. Dr. DeCarolis is currently working on other research topics, including the economics of marine energy technologies, the integration of building energy simulation into the architectural design process, and solid waste management in a carbon constrained world. He teaches Introduction to Sustainable Infrastructure (CE250), Energy and Climate (CE478/578), Energy Modeling (CE796), and Life Cycle Assessment (CE796).


Ph.D. 2004

Engineering and Public Policy

Carnegie Mellon University

B.S. 2000

Physics and Environmental Science and Policy

Clark University

Research Description

DeCarolis is interested in the interdisciplinary assessment of energy technology and policy aimed at affecting deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions. His primary focus is on the development and application of energy system models to derive policy-relevant insight that is robust to future uncertainty.

Honors and Awards

  • NSF CAREER Award, 2010
  • ASEE Southeastern Section, Outstanding New Teacher Award, 2011
  • ALCOA Research Achievement Award, 2016
  • University Faculty Scholar, 2018


Scenario generation and risk-averse stochastic portfolio optimization applied to offshore renewable energy technologies
Faria, V. A. D., Queiroz, A. R., & DeCarolis, J. F. (2023), ENERGY, 270.
Co-Optimization of Reservoir and Power Systems (COREGS) for seasonal planning and operation
Ford, L., Queiroz, A., DeCarolis, J., & Sankarasubramanian, A. (2022), ENERGY REPORTS, 8, 8061–8078.
Energy-Storage Modeling: State-of-the-Art and Future Research Directions
Sioshansi, R., Denholm, P., Arteaga, J., Awara, S., Bhattacharjee, S., Botterud, A., … Zhang, Z. (2022), IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, 37(2), 860–875.
Organic solar powered greenhouse performance optimization and global economic opportunity
Ravishankar, E., Booth, R. E., Hollingsworth, J. A., Ade, H., Sederoff, H., DeCarolis, J. F., & Brendan T. O'Connor. (2022, March 10), ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, Vol. 15.
Using robust optimization to inform US deep decarbonization planning
Patankar, N., Eshraghi, H., Queiroz, A. R., & DeCarolis, J. F. (2022), ENERGY STRATEGY REVIEWS, 42.
Extending energy system modelling to include extreme weather risks and application to hurricane events in Puerto Rico
Bennett, J. A., Trevisan, C. N., DeCarolis, J. F., Ortiz-Garcia, C., Perez-Lugo, M., Etienne, B. T., & Clarens, A. F. (2021), NATURE ENERGY, 6(3), 240–249.
Life cycle assessment of salinity gradient energy recovery using reverse electrodialysis
Mueller, K. E., Thomas, J. T., Johnson, J. X., DeCarolis, J. F., & Call, D. F. (2021), JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY, 25(5), 1194–1206.
North American energy system responses to natural gas price shocks
Brown, M., Siddiqui, S., Avraam, C., Bistline, J., Decarolis, J., Eshraghi, H., … Molar-Cruz, A. (2021), ENERGY POLICY, 149.
Promoting reproducibility and increased collaboration in electric sector capacity expansion models with community benchmarking and intercomparison efforts
Henry, C. L., Eshraghi, H., Lugovoy, O., Waite, M. B., DeCarolis, J. F., Farnham, D. J., … Caldeira, K. (2021), APPLIED ENERGY, 304.
Public acceptance of renewable electricity generation and transmission network developments: Insights from Ireland
Koecklin, M. T., Longoria, G., Fitiwi, D. Z., DeCarolis, J. F., & Curtis, J. (2021), ENERGY POLICY, 151.

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INFEWS/T3: Solar-Powered Integrated Greenhouse (SPRING) Systems Using Wavelength Selective Photovoltaics for Complete Solar Utilization
National Science Foundation (NSF)(1/01/17 - 6/30/22)
Cybersees: Type II: Cyber-Enabled Water and Energy Systems Sustainability Utilizing Climate Information
National Science Foundation (NSF)(9/01/14 - 2/28/21)
SAVI: International Institute for Solid Waste Management Life-Cycle Modeling
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/15/14 - 7/31/20)
Maximizing Energy for Waste While Minimizing Life-Cycle Environmental Burdens and Cost
US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)(12/09/14 - 11/30/19)
Solid Waste Management Planning for Wake County in Consideration of Cost, Energy and Environmental Emissions
Wake County(7/01/14 - 12/31/17)
Refinement of the FREEDM Center Cost-Benefit Model
NCSU Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery and Management Systems Center (FREEDM)(9/01/16 - 8/31/17)
CAREER: Modeling for Insights with an Open Source Energy Economy Optimization Model
National Science Foundation (NSF)(1/15/11 - 12/31/16)
Multiple Tiered Methodology For Micro- to Macro-Scale Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (M4-PHEVs)
National Science Foundation (NSF)(10/01/09 - 9/30/15)
The Environmental Sustainability of Integrated Solid Waste Management in a Carbon Constrained World
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/15/10 - 7/31/15)
Integrated Solid Waste Management and Its Environmental Sustainability in a Carbon Constrained Environment
Environmental Research & Education Foundation(1/01/10 - 12/31/14)