Joseph DeCarolis


  • 919-515-0480
  • Fitts-Woolard Hall 3181

Dr. DeCarolis is a Professor in the Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering at North Carolina State University. His research program is focused on addressing energy and environmental challenges at the intersection of engineering, economics, and public policy. His primary focus is the development and application of energy system models to analyze how energy technology and public policy can shape a sustainable future. With regard to energy modeling, he is particularly interested in the development and utilization of open source software to maximize model transparency as well as the use of high performance computing to conduct rigorous uncertainty analysis. Dr. DeCarolis is currently working on other research topics, including the economics of marine energy technologies, the integration of building energy simulation into the architectural design process, and solid waste management in a carbon constrained world. He teaches Introduction to Sustainable Infrastructure (CE250), Energy and Climate (CE478/578), Energy Modeling (CE796), and Life Cycle Assessment (CE796).


Ph.D. 2004

Engineering and Public Policy

Carnegie Mellon University

B.S. 2000

Physics and Environmental Science and Policy

Clark University

Research Description

DeCarolis is interested in the interdisciplinary assessment of energy technology and policy aimed at affecting deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions. His primary focus is on the development and application of energy system models to derive policy-relevant insight that is robust to future uncertainty.

Honors and Awards

  • NSF CAREER Award, 2010
  • ASEE Southeastern Section, Outstanding New Teacher Award, 2011
  • ALCOA Research Achievement Award, 2016
  • University Faculty Scholar, 2018


Extending energy system modelling to include extreme weather risks and application to hurricane events in Puerto Rico
Bennett, J. A., Trevisan, C. N., DeCarolis, J. F., Ortiz-Garcia, C., Perez-Lugo, M., Etienne, B. T., & Clarens, A. F. (2021), NATURE ENERGY.
North American energy system responses to natural gas price shocks
Brown, M., Siddiqui, S., Avraam, C., Bistline, J., Decarolis, J., Eshraghi, H., … Molar-Cruz, A. (2021), ENERGY POLICY, 149.
Promoting reproducibility and increased collaboration in electric sector capacity expansion models with community benchmarking and intercomparison efforts
Henry, C. L., Eshraghi, H., Lugovoy, O., Waite, M. B., DeCarolis, J. F., Farnham, D. J., … Caldeira, K. (2021), APPLIED ENERGY.
Public acceptance of renewable electricity generation and transmission network developments: Insights from Ireland
Koecklin, M. T., Longoria, G., Fitiwi, D. Z., DeCarolis, J. F., & Curtis, J. (2021), ENERGY POLICY, 151.
Quantification of climate-induced interannual variability in residential US electricity demand
Eshraghi, H., Queiroz, A. R. de, Sankarasubramanian, A., & DeCarolis, J. F. (2021), ENERGY.
The symbiotic relationship of solar power and energy storage in providing capacity value
Sodano, D., DeCarolis, J. F., Queiroz, A. R., & Johnson, J. X. (2021), RENEWABLE ENERGY.
Exploring alternative solid waste management strategies for achieving policy goals
Jaunich, M. K., Levis, J. W., DeCarolis, J. F., Barlaz, M. A., & Ranjithan, S. R. (2020), ENGINEERING OPTIMIZATION.
Least cost energy system pathways towards 100% renewable energy in Ireland by 2050
Yue, X., Patankar, N., Decarolis, J., Chiodi, A., Rogan, F., Deane, J. P., & O'Gallachoir, B. (2020), ENERGY, 207.
Leveraging Open-Source Tools for Collaborative Macro-energy System Modeling Efforts
DeCarolis, J. F., Jaramillo, P., Johnson, J. X., McCollum, D. L., Trutnevyte, E., Daniels, D. C., … Zhou, Y. (2020), JOULE, Vol. 4, pp. 2523–2526.
Life cycle assessment of salinity gradient energy recovery using reverse electrodialysis
Mueller, K. E., Thomas, J. T., Johnson, J. X., DeCarolis, J. F., & Call, D. F. (2020), JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY.

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Proposal for an Open Energy Outlook (OEO)
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation(8/01/19 - 7/31/22)
Collaborative Research:NSF-NSFC:Improving FEW system sustainability over the SEUS and NCP: A cross-regional synthesis considering uncertainties in climate and regional development
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/15/18 - 1/31/23)
Refinement of the FREEDM Center Cost-Benefit Model
NCSU Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery and Management Systems Center (FREEDM)(9/01/16 - 8/31/17)
INFEWS/T3: Solar-Powered Integrated Greenhouse (SPRING) Systems Using Wavelength Selective Photovoltaics for Complete Solar Utilization
National Science Foundation (NSF)(1/01/17 - 12/31/21)
Maximizing Energy for Waste While Minimizing Life-Cycle Environmental Burdens and Cost
US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)(12/09/14 - 11/30/19)
Solid Waste Management Planning for Wake County in Consideration of Cost, Energy and Environmental Emissions
Wake County(7/01/14 - 12/31/17)
Cybersees: Type II: Cyber-Enabled Water and Energy Systems Sustainability Utilizing Climate Information
National Science Foundation (NSF)(9/01/14 - 2/28/21)
SAVI: International Institute for Solid Waste Management Life-Cycle Modeling
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/15/14 - 7/31/20)
Utilizing Municipal Solid Waste as a Biofuel Feedstock
Biofuels Center of North Carolina(7/01/11 - 4/30/13)
CAREER: Modeling for Insights with an Open Source Energy Economy Optimization Model
National Science Foundation (NSF)(1/15/11 - 12/31/16)