Joseph DeCarolis


  • 919-515-0480
  • Mann Hall 319D

Dr. DeCarolis is a Professor in the Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering at North Carolina State University. His research program is focused on addressing energy and environmental challenges at the intersection of engineering, economics, and public policy. His primary focus is the development and application of energy system models to analyze how energy technology and public policy can shape a sustainable future. With regard to energy modeling, he is particularly interested in the development and utilization of open source software to maximize model transparency as well as the use of high performance computing to conduct rigorous uncertainty analysis. Dr. DeCarolis is currently working on other research topics, including the economics of marine energy technologies, the integration of building energy simulation into the architectural design process, and solid waste management in a carbon constrained world. He teaches Introduction to Sustainable Infrastructure (CE250), Energy and Climate (CE478/578), Energy Modeling (CE796), and Life Cycle Assessment (CE796).


Ph.D. 2004

Engineering and Public Policy

Carnegie Mellon University

B.S. 2000

Physics and Environmental Science and Policy

Clark University

Research Description

DeCarolis is interested in the interdisciplinary assessment of energy technology and policy aimed at affecting deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions. His primary focus is on the development and application of energy system models to derive policy-relevant insight that is robust to future uncertainty.

Honors and Awards

  • NSF CAREER Award, 2010
  • ASEE Southeastern Section, Outstanding New Teacher Award, 2011
  • ALCOA Research Achievement Award, 2016
  • University Faculty Scholar, 2018


Exploring alternative solid waste management strategies for achieving policy goals
Jaunich, M. K., Levis, J. W., DeCarolis, J. F., Barlaz, M. A., & Ranjithan, S. R. (2020), ENGINEERING OPTIMIZATION.
Least cost energy system pathways towards 100% renewable energy in Ireland by 2050
Yue, X., Patankar, N., Decarolis, J., Chiodi, A., Rogan, F., Deane, J. P., & O'Gallachoir, B. (2020), ENERGY, 207.
Open Source Energy System Modeling Using Break-Even Costs to Inform State-Level Policy: A North Carolina Case Study
Li, B., Thomas, J., Queiroz, A. R., & DeCarolis, J. F. (2020), ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 54(2), 665–676.
Building conflict uncertainty into electricity planning: A South Sudan case study
Patankar, N., Queiroz, A. R., DeCarolis, J. F., Bazilian, M. D., & Chattopadhyay, D. (2019), ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, 49, 53–64.
Environmental and economic impacts of solar-powered integrated greenhouses
Hollingsworth, J. A., Ravishankar, E., O'Connor, B., Johnson, J. X., & DeCarolis, J. F. (2019), JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY.
Evaluation of optimal model parameters for prediction of methane generation from selected US landfills
Sun, W., Wang, X., DeCarolis, J. F., & Barlaz, M. A. (2019), WASTE MANAGEMENT, 91, 120–127.
Metamodels to assess the thermal performance of naturally ventilated, low-cost houses in Brazil
Rossi, M. M., Oliveira Favretto, A. P., Grassi, C., DeCarolis, J., Cho, S., Hill, D., … Ranjithan, R. (2019), ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, 204.
Repurposing an energy system optimization model for seasonal power generation planning
Queiroz, A. R., Mulcahy, D., Sankarasubramanian, A., Deane, J. P., Mahinthakumar, G., Lu, N., & DeCarolis, J. F. (2019), ENERGY, 181, 1321–1330.
Solid Waste Management Policy Implications on Waste Process Choices and Systemwide Cost and Greenhouse Gas Performance
Jaunich, M. K., Levis, J. W., DeCarolis, J. F., Barlaz, M. A., & Ranjithan, S. R. (2019), ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 53(4), 1766–1775.
A review of approaches to uncertainty assessment in energy system optimization models
Yue, X., Pye, S., DeCarolis, J., Li, F. G. N., Rogan, F., & Gallachóir, B. Ó. (2018), Energy Strategy Reviews, 21, 204–217.

View all publications via NC State Libraries

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Proposal for an Open Energy Outlook (OEO)
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation(8/01/19 - 7/31/22)
Collaborative Research:NSF-NSFC:Improving FEW system sustainability over the SEUS and NCP: A cross-regional synthesis considering uncertainties in climate and regional development
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/15/18 - 1/31/23)
Refinement of the FREEDM Center Cost-Benefit Model
NCSU Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery and Management Systems Center (FREEDM)(9/01/16 - 8/31/17)
INFEWS/T3: Solar-Powered Integrated Greenhouse (SPRING) Systems Using Wavelength Selective Photovoltaics for Complete Solar Utilization
National Science Foundation (NSF)(1/01/17 - 12/31/21)
Maximizing Energy for Waste While Minimizing Life-Cycle Environmental Burdens and Cost
US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)(12/09/14 - 11/30/19)
Solid Waste Management Planning for Wake County in Consideration of Cost, Energy and Environmental Emissions
Wake County(7/01/14 - 12/31/17)
Cybersees: Type II: Cyber-Enabled Water and Energy Systems Sustainability Utilizing Climate Information
National Science Foundation (NSF)(9/01/14 - 2/28/21)
SAVI: International Institute for Solid Waste Management Life-Cycle Modeling
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/15/14 - 7/31/20)
Utilizing Municipal Solid Waste as a Biofuel Feedstock
Biofuels Center of North Carolina(7/01/11 - 4/30/13)
CAREER: Modeling for Insights with an Open Source Energy Economy Optimization Model
National Science Foundation (NSF)(1/15/11 - 12/31/16)